crven

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Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *čьrvenъ, which is a passive participle of *čьrviti (dye using červec), where červec is a kind of worm used as a red dye (compare cȓv (worm)).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tsřʋen/
  • Hyphenation: cr‧ven

Adjective[edit]

cr̀ven (definite cr̀venī, comparative crveniji, Cyrillic spelling цр̀вен)

  1. red
    upali crveno sv(j)etlo ― switch to red light
    sm(ij)em piti/da pijem crveno vino ― I' m allowed to drink red wine"
    kosa joj je oprana, usne crvene, a zubi b(ij)eli ― her hair is washed, her lips are red, and her teeth are white
    stisni crveno dugme ― push the red button
  2. (substantively) revolutionary, Red
    crveni se pregrupiraju na granici ― the Reds are regrouping at the border
  3. (substantively, in masculine) the Red Army soldier
  4. (substantively, in masculine, pejorative) sympathizer or a member of extreme left; a communist
    crveni su opet ugrabili vlast na izborima ― communists have won the elections again
  5. (substantively, in feminine) the red color
    moja omiljena boja je crvena ― my favorite color is red
  6. ruddy, rubicund
    crveni obrazi ― ruddy cheeks
  7. gules
  8. idiomatic and figurative meanings
    Crvena armija ― the Red Army
    Crveni krst/Crveni križ ― the Red Cross;
    Crvena garda(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crvena krvna grupa(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crvena pomoć(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Crvena subota(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Crveno barjače(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni v(j)etar(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni vosak(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni polum(j)esec(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni kutić/ugao(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    pustiti/puštati crvenoga p(ij)etla(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crvena knjižica(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni div(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni karton(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni telefon(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni fenjer(please add an English translation of this usage example)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the adjective cr̀ven (red)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tsr̂ʋeːn/
  • Hyphenation: cr‧ven

Noun[edit]

cȑvēn f (Cyrillic spelling цр̏ве̄н)

  1. red (color, or something red-colored)
  2. scarlet fever
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • crven” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (1990, Друго фототипско издање), Матица српска, Matica hrvatska (Нови Сад, Zagreb), volume 6, page 812