cuff

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cuffe, coffe (glove, mitten), of obscure origin. Perhaps from Old English cuffie (hood, cap), from Medieval Latin cofia, cofea, cuffa, cuphia (helmet, headdress, hood, cap), from Frankish *kuf(f)ja (headdress), from Proto-Germanic *kupjō (cap). Cognate with Middle High German kupfe (cap).

Noun[edit]

cuff (plural cuffs)

  1. (obsolete) glove; mitten.
  2. The end of a shirt sleeve that covers the wrist.
  3. The end of a pants leg, folded up.
Translations[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cuff (third-person singular simple present cuffs, present participle cuffing, simple past and past participle cuffed)

  1. (transitive) To furnish with cuffs.
  2. (transitive) To handcuff.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

1520, “to hit”, apparently of North Germanic origin, from Norwegian kuffa (to push, shove) or Swedish kuffa (to knock, thrust, strike). Related to Low German kuffen (to box the ears), German kuffen (to thrash). Perhaps related also to Swedish skuffa (to push, shove). More at scuff, shove, scuffle.

Verb[edit]

cuff (third-person singular simple present cuffs, present participle cuffing, simple past and past participle cuffed)

  1. (transitive) To hit, as a reproach, particularly with the open palm to the head; to slap.
    • Shakespeare
      I swear I'll cuff you, if you strike again.
    • Dryden
      They with their quills did all the hurt they could, / And cuffed the tender chickens from their food.
  2. (intransitive) To fight; to scuffle; to box.
    • Dryden
      While the peers cuff to make the rabble sport.
  3. To buffet.
    • Tennyson
      cuffed by the gale
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

cuff (plural cuffs)

  1. A blow, especially with the open hand; a box; a slap.
    • Spenser
      Snatcheth his sword, and fiercely to him flies; / Who well it wards, and quitten cuff with cuff.
    • Hudibras
      Many a bitter kick and cuff.