culture

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle French culture (cultivation; culture), from Latin cultūra (cultivation; culture), from cultus, perfect passive participle of colō (till, cultivate, worship) (related to colōnus and colōnia), from earlier *quelō, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (to move; to turn (around)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

culture (plural cultures)

  1. The arts, customs, and habits that characterize a particular society or nation.
    • 2013 September 7, “Farming as rocket science”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8852: 
      Such differences of history and culture have lingering consequences. Almost all the corn and soyabeans grown in America are genetically modified. GM crops are barely tolerated in the European Union. Both America and Europe offer farmers indefensible subsidies, but with different motives.
  2. The beliefs, values, behaviour and material objects that constitute a people's way of life.
    • 2012 March-April, Jan Sapp, “Race Finished”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 164: 
      Few concepts are as emotionally charged as that of race. The word conjures up a mixture of associations—culture, ethnicity, genetics, subjugation, exclusion and persecution.
  3. (microbiology) The process of growing a bacterial or other biological entity in an artificial medium.
  4. (anthropology) Any knowledge passed from one generation to the next, not necessarily with respect to human beings.
  5. The collective noun for a group of bacteria.
  6. (botany) Cultivation.
  7. (computing) The language and peculiarities of a geographical location.
    A culture is the combination of the language that you speak and the geographical location you belong to. It also includes the way you represent dates, times and currencies. ... Examples: en-UK, en-US, de-AT, fr-BE, etc.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

culture (third-person singular simple present cultures, present participle culturing, simple past and past participle cultured)

  1. (transitive) To maintain in an environment suitable for growth (especially of bacteria).
  2. (transitive) To increase the artistic or scientific interest (in something).

Translations[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cultūra (cultivation; culture), from cultus, perfect passive participle of colō (till, cultivate, worship), from earlier *quelō, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (to move; to turn (around)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

culture f (plural cultures)

  1. crop
  2. culture (arts, customs and habits)

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

culture f

  1. plural form of cultura

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

culture

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of culturar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of culturar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of culturar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of culturar.