darīt

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See also: dařit

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the iterative counterpart of an earlier verb *dert (to tear, to split), from Proto-Baltic *der-, from Proto-Indo-European *der- (to split, to tear, to peel). The meaning evolved as follows: “to tear, to split” > “to cut, to chop (wood)” (cf. the derived form darināt kokus “to pear, to cut (branches) off (a tree)”) > “to make by cutting (e.g., like a carpenter)” > “to make, to do.” Cognates include Lithuanian darýti (to do, to make).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

darīt tr., 3rd conj., pres. daru, dari, dara, past darīju

  1. to do (to carry out, to realize something, to be busy with something)
    darīt mājas darbus — to do house work
    darīt darāmo — to do what is to be done, what needs to be done
    parādīt, kas jādara — to show what needs to be done
    ko tu tur dari? — what are you doing there?
    jāsāk kaut ko darīt — (we) have to start doing something
    nē, mājās nav ko darīt — no, at home there is nothing to do
    Ints vairs nedarīja nekā; sastindzis, nekustīgs viņš gulēja gultā — Ints didn't do anything anymore; stunned, he just lay immobile in bed
    lamatas!... kur skriet?... kur bēgt? ir kaut kas jādara!... — a trap!... where to run?... where to flee? there must be something to do!...
    “iesim, iesim”, sacīja Andriksons, “jālūko dzēst; darīsim, ko spēsim” — “let's go, let's go,” Andriksons said, “we have to try to put it (= fire) out; we'll do what we can”
  2. to do, to make (to behave in a certain way, e.g., to cause something to happen)
    darīt nedarbus — to make mischief
    darīt muļķības — to do stupid things
    darīt blēņas — to do pranks
    nedarīt neko sliktu — to not do anything bad, wrong
    darīt visu, kas ienāk prātā — to do everything that comes to mind
    es to nedrīkstu darīt — I may not (= am not allowed) to do that
    dara, ko grib — (he) does what (he) wants
    dara, kā patīk — (he) does as (he) pleases
    pareizi darīts — well, correctly done
    aplam darīts — badly, wrongly done
    tā nedrīkst darīt — one may not do (= act) like that
  3. to do, to make, to cause (to create, originate something with one's actions, behavior; to change the state (of someone, something) with one's action, behavior, existence)
    darīt sāpes — to cause pain
    dāvana dara zēnam prieku — the gift made joy to the boy (= made him happy)
    nedarīt kaunu savam kolektīvam — to not cause shame to one's team
    slaucējs jautājoši uzlūkoja Lieni: “madāma man atkal dara netaisnību”, šī sacīja — the milker looked questioningly at Liene: “again madam does injustice (= is unfair) to me,” she said
    ko pats negribi sev darām, to nedari citiem — what you don't want done to yourself, don't do to others
    saki, ko lai es daru melnajam runcim? — tell me, what do (= should) I do to the black (tom)cat?
    smaids darīja seju pievilcīgu — a smile made (his) face attractive
    skarbais noraidījums darīja neiespējamas tālākas pārrunas — harsh rejection made further negotiations impossible
    labi izvēlētas atskaņas dara dzejas valodu fonētiski skanīgāku — well-chsosen rhymes make poetic language phonetically more resonant, melodious
  4. (rare, of food, drinks, especially beer) to make, to prepare
    darīt alu, sviestu — to make beer, butter
    darīt desas — to make sausages
  5. (dated, of objects) to make
    darīt pastalas — to make pastalas (= primitive shoes)
    sīki putni ligzdu dara — small birds make (their) nests
  6. (dated) to close (with ciet, older cieti; compare German zumachen)
    jūs acis cieti darāt — you close your eyes

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

References[edit]

  1. ^ “darīt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7