derb

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German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • derbe (chiefly colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

From a Low German merger of two unrelated adjectives: (1.) Old Saxon therbi (unleavened), from Proto-Germanic *þerbaz; and (2.) Old Saxon derbi (coarse, warlike). Both regularly collapsed in Middle Low German derve (firm, bold). Older High German had only the former of the two adjectives and lacked the other: Middle High German derp (unleavened), from Old High German derb (unleavened). The modern word is formally High German, but its semantic development has been determined by the Middle Low German one. (The original sense “unleavened” is last met with in the 18th century.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɛʁp/, [dɛʁp], [dɛɐ̯p]

Adjective[edit]

derb (comparative derber, superlative am derbsten)

  1. rough, coarse, rude
  2. sturdy, tough

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]

  • derb in Duden online

Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þerbaz. Cognate with Old English þeorf (English tharf), Middle Dutch derf (Dutch derf), Old Norse þjarfr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

derb

  1. unleavened

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *drew-, *deru- (firm, hard, solid, faithful, true). Compare Old English trēowe, English true.

Adjective[edit]

derb (comparative derbu)

  1. sure, certain, fixed, determinate
Derived terms[edit]
  • derb- (surely, really, truly; sure, certain, reliable; genuine; own, special)
Derived terms[edit]
  • derba (certainty)
  • derbaid (certifies, proves, confirms, attests; confirms, ratifies, establishes; avers, asserts, declares, vows; tests, puts to the proof)
  • derbda (certain, fixed)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

derb f

  1. vessel for liquids, pail, churn