duine

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyo- (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰom-yo- (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

duine m (genitive duine, nominative plural daoine)

  1. person, human being

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • daonna (human; humane, kindly)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
duine dhuine nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gdonyo- (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰom-yo- (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth) (whence also (place, spot)). For the parallel semantical development of the noun for "man, human" from the cognate nominal stem for "earth", confer also Latin homō (man, person), Old Lithuanian žmuõ (man) and Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌼𐌰 (guma).

Noun[edit]

duine m (nominative plural doíni)

  1. person

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyo- (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰom-yo- (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

duine m (genitive duine, plural daoine)

  1. man
  2. person, body, individual
    • 1911 (Birlinn Limited), Edward Dwelly: The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary:
      Duine gun mhath gun chron, is motha a chron na a mhath. ― A man that's neither good nor ill is more ill than good.
  3. husband
  4. one
    Is fheudar dha duine a-riamh a dh'aithneachadh na thathar a' dèanamh le fhèin an duine. ― One must always know what one is doing with oneself.
    Chan eil fios aig duine a riamh. ― One never knows.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]