durus

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See also: duruş

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deru-, *drew- (hard, fast). Cognates include probably Lithuanian drū́tas (firm, strong), Old English trum (trim, strong, firm). and Sanskrit ध्रुव (dhruva, firm, fixed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dūrus m (feminine dūra, neuter dūrum); first/second declension

  1. hard, rough (of a touch)
  2. harsh (of a taste)
  3. hardy, vigorous
  4. unyielding, unfeeling, stern
  5. oppressive, severe

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative dūrus dūra dūrum dūrī dūrae dūra
genitive dūrī dūrae dūrī dūrōrum dūrārum dūrōrum
dative dūrō dūrae dūrō dūrīs dūrīs dūrīs
accusative dūrum dūram dūrum dūrōs dūrās dūra
ablative dūrō dūrā dūrō dūrīs dūrīs dūrīs
vocative dūre dūra dūrum dūrī dūrae dūra

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, 1st edition. (Oxford University Press)