dzīvot

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as dzīvs (q.v.), made into a regular second conjugation verb (ending -ot). It replaced an earlier dzīt (to live) (q.v.), of which it may have originally been the iterative form (in case it was not directly derived from dzīvs). Its original meaning, “to be alive, to exist,” was later extended to include also “to reside” (like English to live); cf. the derived term dzīvoklis (apartment, flat).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

dzīvot intr., 2nd conj., pres. dzīvoju, dzīvo, dzīvo, past dzīvoju

  1. (of living beings) to live, to be alive (to exist biologically)
    sēklaudži vispār dzīvo ilgāk nekā kultūršķirnes — seedlings generally live longer than cultivars
    saknes nolauztajam kokam dzīvoja — the roots of the felled tree (still) lived
    lai dzīvo! — (long) live! (= hooray!)
    viņš zināja, ka pēdējais brīdis tuvojas, un viņam kļuva bezgala skumji; tikai dzīvot vēl, kaut stundu, kaut pāris acumirkļu — he knew that the last moment was coming, and he became infinitely sad; to still live, even if only one more hour, one more moment
  2. (of people) to live (to exist consciously)
    dzīvot godīgi, omulīgi, priecīgi — to live honestly, comfortably, happily
    dzīvot bezrūpīgi — to live without problems, carefree
    dzīvot plaši — to live well-off (lit. widely)
    dzīvot pāri (saviem) līdzekļiem — to live beyond (one's) means
    no kā viņš dzīvo? — from what does he live (= earn a living)?
    dzīvot bez darba, grūtos apstākļos — to live without work, in difficult circumstances
    dzīvot, tas ir: strādāt, domāt, just — to live, that is: to work, to think, to feel
  3. to live, to reside, to inhabit (a place)
    dzīvot Latvijā, Rīgā — to live in Latvia, in Rīga
    dzīvot mazā dzīvoklī pilsētā — to live in a small apartment in the city
    lāči dzīvo mežā — bears live in the forest
    Priedes Jānis dzīvoja turpat, otrajā stāvā, mazā bēniņu istabā — Priedes Jānis lived right there, on the second floor, in a small attic room
  4. (figuratively) to live, to be frequently, for a long time (somewhere)
    stundām dzīvot pa āru — to live (= always be) outside for hours
    pēcpusdienu, ja laiks labs, vecāmāte dzīvoja pa dārzu — in the afternoon, if the weather was good, grandmother lived (= always was) in the garden
  5. (of ideas, social phenomena) to live, to continue to exist
    viņa vārds ilgi dzīvos tautas piemiņā — his name will live long in the people's memory
    un dzīvos, ziedēs un ar savām saknēm dziļi ieies dzīvē tikai tāda māksla, kas savu aicinājumu redz kalpošanā lielajai vēstures veidotājai: tautai — only that art which sees its calling in the service to the great shaper of history - the people - will live, flourish, and strike deep roots in life
  6. (of people) to have a certain relationship (with someone else); to reside together (with someone else)
    kaimiņi dzīvo saticīgi — neighbors live in piece
    dzīvot pie saimnieka par kalpu — to live with a farmer as (his) servant, hired worker
    tēvs dzīvo ar meitām — the father lives with (his) daughters
    nevaru dzīvot ar dzērāju — I can't live with a (heavy) drinker

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dzīvs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.