dzīsla

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See also: dzīslā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *giʔ(s)laʔ, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷiHl-. Cognate with the second part of Old Prussian compound pette-gislo (back vein), Lithuanian gýsla (vein) and Common Slavic *žila (vein, tendon).

Noun[edit]

dzīsla f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) blood vessel (vein, artery)
    asinis rit dzīslās — blood flows in the veins
  2. (botany) leaf vein (part of the leaf vascular system or venation)
  3. (geology) a rock-filled crack or fissure on the Earth's crust
    dzīslu iežifissure rock (the kind of rock that fills fissures)
    rūdu dzīslas — ore veins
  4. (anatomy) sinew, tendon (fibrous tissue connecting a muscle to its bone)
    es sastiepu kājas dzīslu — I sprained (my) leg tendon

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the sense of blood vessel, dzīsla is a non-technical, colloquial word, more likely to be found in emotive or poetic expressions (e.g., mūsu dzīslās, ne jau ūdens silts, karstas asinis ar sirdi runā — "in our veins, not cold water, but hot blood speaks with the heart") while vēna and artērija are more technical and typical of scientific discourse (like English arteries when compared to veins).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 562