effluvium

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin effluvium (an outlet), from effluō (flow out or away), from ex (out of, from) + fluō (flow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

effluvium (plural effluvia or effluviums)

  1. A gaseous or vaporous emission, especially a foul-smelling one.
    • 1835, William Gilmore Simms, The Partisan, Harper, Chapter XV, page 188:
      She was now bending over a huge light wood blaze, with a pipe of rude structure and no small dimensions in her mouth, from which the occasional puff went forth, filling the apartment with the unpleasant effluvia of the vilest leaf-tobacco.
    • 1906, O. Henry, The Furnished Room
      And he breathed the breath of the house—a dank savour rather than a smell—a cold, musty effluvium as from underground vaults mingled with the reeking exhalations of linoleum and mildewed and rotten woodwork.
  2. A condition causing the shedding of hair.
    • 2000, Dr. Otto Braun-Falco, et al., “Diseases of hair”, in Dermatology, ISBN 3-540-59452-3, page 1136:
      Reversible hair loss or effluvium occurs following either endogenous or exogenous damage to anagen hair follicles [] .

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From effluō (flow out or away), from ex (out of, from) + fluō (flow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

effluvium n (genitive effluviī); second declension

  1. The act of flowing out; discharge of liquid, outlet, efflux.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative effluvium effluvia
genitive effluviī effluviōrum
dative effluviō effluviīs
accusative effluvium effluvia
ablative effluviō effluviīs
vocative effluvium effluvia

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]