ek

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See also: ek-, -ek, ék, -ék, Ek, EK, and ÉK

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch ik, from Proto-Germanic *ek, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂om (I).

Pronoun[edit]

ek (object my, possessive my)

  1. I (subject)

See also[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ek-.

Interjection[edit]

ek

  1. let's go

Fiji Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hindi एक (ek), from Sanskrit एक (éka) (or a closely related Old-Indo-Aryan language, through Prakrit), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Haykas (compare Persian یک (yek)), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos (one, single).

Cardinal numeral[edit]

ek

  1. (cardinal) one

References[edit]

  • Fiji Hindi Dictionary
  • 1977, Jeff Siegel, Say it in Fiji Hindi, Australia: Pacific Publications, ISBN: 085807026X, page p.28:

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse ek, from Proto-Norse ᛖᚲ (ek), from Proto-Germanic *ek, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ég (modern)
  • eg (archaic, poetic)

Pronoun[edit]

ek

  1. (archaic) I
    Ek spurða þá, hvar ek skyldi sitja.
    I asked then, where I should sit.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of aka (to drive).

Verb[edit]

ek

  1. first-person singular present indicative of aka

Ido[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ek

  1. out of

Marshallese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • MED Phonemes: {yẹk}
  • IPA Phonemes: /jɘk/
  • IPA Articulation: [e̯e͡ɤk]

Noun[edit]

ek

  1. fish.

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English eac, ec = Old Frisian ak, Old Norse auk.

Conjunction[edit]

ek

  1. also. (also spelled eac)

Related terms[edit]


North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse ekki. Cognate with Danish ikke, Faroese ikki, Norwegian Nynorsk ikkje.

Adverb[edit]

ek

  1. not (Sylt dialect)
    "Di rocht Saaken ken di Oogen ek se", sair di Litji Prins, fuar höm dit tö morki. -- "The important things can't be seen with the eyes," said the Little Prince, so he would remember this.

Novial[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ek

  1. out of, from
  2. out of (expressing a fraction or a ratio)

Old Norse[edit]

The inscription on the shaft of the Kragehul I spear.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Norse ᛖᚲ (ek), from Proto-Germanic *ek (whence also Old English , Old Saxon, Old Frisian and Old Dutch ik, Old High German ih, Gothic 𐌹𐌺 (ik)), from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Among the earliest attestations of the pronoun, as ᛖᚳ ek, is the proto-Norse inscription on the 2nd-4th century Lindholm amulet, which also contains a postpositive, perhaps clitic, form of the word, in ᚺᚨᛏᛖᚳᚨ hateka, “I am called” — compare Old Norse heiti ek (I hight, I am called) (Old Gutnish hait-) and the form of terms such as kank, kannk (I can) (kann + ek).

Pronoun[edit]

ek

  1. I (first-person singular pronoun)
    • 150–350, inscription on the Lindholm amulet:
      ᛖᚳᛖᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉᛋᚨᚹᛁᛚᚨᚷᚨᛉᚺᚨᛏᛖᚳᚨ
      ek erilaz sa[w]ilagaz hateka
      I [am an] earl, Sawilagaz hight I
    • 200–475, inscription on the Kragehul I spear-shaft:
      ᛖᚳᛖ⁀ᚱᛁᛚᚨ⁀ᛉ...
      ek e⁀rila⁀z asugisalas m⁀uh⁀a h⁀aite []
      I, earl of Asugisalaz, hight Muha, []
    • circa 1000, Vǫluspá, verse 1, line 1:
      Hliods bið ec allar... (Codex Regius, circa 1270)
      Hlioðs bið ek allar... (Hauksbók, circa 1306)
      Hljóðs bið ek allar... (normalised orthography)
      For silence I ask all...
    • 1220-1240, Egils saga, chapter 3, line 16:
      "Þótt þetta vandræði hafi nú borit oss at hendi, þá mun eigi langt til, at sama vandræði mun til yðvar koma, því at Haraldr, ætla ek, at skjótt mun hér koma, þá er hann hefir alla menn þrælkat ok áþját, sem hann vill, á Norðmæri ok í Raumsdal." (Norse)
      translation by William Charles Green:
      Though this danger now touches us, before long the same will come to you; for Harold, as I ween, will hasten hither when he has enthralled and oppressed after his will all in North Mæra and Raumsdale.
      translation by Hallvard Lie:
      Though this trouble have now lighted on our hand, 'twill not be long ere the same trouble shall come upon you; for Harald, I ween, will shortly hither come, soon as he hath all men thralled and enslaved, according to this will, in Northmere and Raumsdale.

Declension[edit]


The Lindholm amulet, a 2nd to 4th century piece of bone with a Proto-Norse inscription containing two instances of the pronoun.

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *aiks, whence also Old Frisian ēk, Old English āc, Old High German eih, Old Norse eik. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *eiǵ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ēk f

  1. oak

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Low German: Eek

Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bengali

Numeral[edit]

ek

  1. (cardinal) one

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sv

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse eik, from Proto-Germanic *aiks, from Proto-Indo-European *eiǵ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ek c

  1. oak

Declension[edit]


Tocharian B[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tocharian *ëk, from Late Proto-Indo-European *okʷs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃okʷ-, *h₃ekʷ- (eye; to see). Compare Alcozauca Mixtec ak.

Noun[edit]

ek

  1. eye
    eśane klausane ṣeycer-me kartstse yolo lkātsi klyaussisa
    "you had eyes and ears to see and hear good and evil"

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ek (definite accusative eki, plural ekler)

  1. annex

Hyponyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

ek

  1. Second-person imperative of ekmek.

Volapük[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ek

  1. someone; anyone

Declension[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian āk, from Proto-Germanic *auk. Compare Middle English eek (archaic English eke), Dutch ook, German auch.

Adverb[edit]

ek

  1. also, too