From Anglo-Norman engine, Old French engin (“skill, cleverness, war machine”), from Latin ingenium (“innate or natural quality, nature, genius, a genious, an invention, in Late Latin a war-engine, battering-ram”), from ingenitum, past participle of ingignere (“to instil by birth, implant, produce in”). Compare gin, ingenious.
engine (plural engines)
- (obsolete) Ingenuity; cunning, trickery, guile. [13th-17th c.]
- (obsolete) The result of cunning; something ingenious, a contrivance; (in negative senses) a plot, a scheme. [13th-18th c.]
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.i:
- Therefore this craftie engine he did frame, / Against his praise to stirre vp enmitye [...].
- (obsolete) Natural talent; genius. [14th-17th c.]
- A large construction used in warfare, such as a battering ram, catapult etc. [from 14th c.]
- (now archaic) A tool; a utensil or implement. [from 14th c.]
- 1714, Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees:
- Flattery must be the most powerful Argument that cou'd be used to Human Creatures. Making use of this bewitching Engine, they extoll'd the Excellency of our Nature above other Animals [...].
- A complex mechanical device which converts energy into useful motion or physical effects. [from 16th c.]
- A person or group of people which influence a larger group; a driving force. [from 16th c.]
- The part of a car or other vehicle which provides the force for motion, now especially one powered by internal combustion. [from 19th c.]
- A self-powered vehicle, especially a locomotive, used for pulling cars along a track. [from 19th c.]
- (computing) A software or hardware system responsible for a specific technical task (usually with qualifying word). [from 20th c.]
Derived terms 
Related terms 
- Albanian: please add this translation if you can
- Arabic: محرك (ar) (muHárrik) m, موتور (ar) (mutuur) m
- Armenian: շարժիչ (hy) (šaržič)
- Asturian: motor (ast) m
- Bengali: ইঞ্জিন (bn) (injin)
- Bulgarian: мотор (bg) (motor) m, двигател (bg) (dvigatel) m
- Catalan: motor (ca) m
- Mandarin: 引擎 (cmn) (yǐnqíng), 發動機 (cmn), 发动机 (cmn) (fādòngjī), 馬達 (cmn), 马达 (cmn) (mǎdá), 摩托 (cmn) (mótuō)
- Czech: motor (cs) m
- Dutch: motor (nl) m, aandrijving (nl) f
- Esperanto: motoro (eo)
- Estonian: mootor (et)
- Finnish: moottori (fi)
- French: moteur (fr) m
- Galician: motor (gl) m
- Georgian: ძრავა (ka) (jrava), მატორი (ka) (matori)
- German: Motor (de) m, Triebwerk (de) n, Antrieb (de) m
- Greek: μηχανή (el) (michaní) f, κινητήρας (el) (kinitíras) f
- Hebrew: please add this translation if you can
- Hindi: please add this translation if you can
- Hungarian: motor (hu)
- Ido: mashino (io)
- Indonesian: please add this translation if you can
- Interlingua: motor (ia)
- Italian: motore (it) m
- Japanese: エンジン (ja) (enjin), 機関 (ja) (きかん, kikan), 機械 (ja) (きかい, kikai), モーター (ja) (mōtā), 発動機 (ja) (はつどうき, hatsudōki), 原動機 (ja) (げんどうき, kendōki)
- Korean: 기관 (ko) (gigwan), 機關 (ko)
- Latvian: dzinējs (lv) m, motors (lv) m
- Lithuanian: variklis (lt) m, motoras (lt) m
- Macedonian: мотор (mk) (mótor) m
- Malay: enjin (ms)
- Maltese: please add this translation if you can
- Mongolian: please add this translation if you can
- Navajo: atsiitsʼiin
- Norwegian: motor (no) m
- Persian: موتور (fa) (اسم)
- Polish: silnik (pl) m, motor (pl) m
- Portuguese: motor (pt) m
- Romanian: motor (ro) n
- Russian: двигатель (ru) (dvígatel') m, мотор (ru) (motór) m
- Scottish Gaelic: einnsean (gd) m
- Cyrillic: мотор (sh) m
- Roman: motor (sh) m
- Slovene: motor (sl) m
- Spanish: motor (es) f
- Swedish: motor (sv) n
- Thai: please add this translation if you can
- Turkish: motor (tr)
- Vietnamese: please add this translation if you can
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
engine (third-person singular simple present engines, present participle engining, simple past and past participle engined)
- (obsolete) To assault with an engine.
- (Can we date this quote?) T. Adams.
- To engine and batter our walls.
- (dated) To equip with an engine; said especially of steam vessels.
- Vessels are often built by one firm and engined by another.
- (obsolete) To rack; to torture.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
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