envy

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English envie, from Old French envie, from Latin invidia (envy), from invidere (to look at with malice) from in + videre ("on, upon" + "to look, see"). Displaced native Middle English ande, onde (envy) (from Old English anda, onda (breath, emotion, envy, hatred, grudge, dislike)), Middle English nithe, nith (envy, malice) (from Old English nīþ (envy, hatred, malice, spite, jealousy)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

envy (countable and uncountable, plural envies)

  1. Resentful desire of something possessed by another or others (but not limited to material possessions). [from 13th c.]
    • Milton
      No bliss enjoyed by us excites his envy more.
    • Alexander Pope
      Envy, to which the ignoble mind's a slave, / Is emulation in the learned or brave.
    • 1983. ROSEN, Stanley. Plato’s Sophist. p. 66.
      Theodorus assures Socrates that no envy will prevent the Stranger from responding
  2. An object of envious notice or feeling.
    • Macaulay
      This constitution in former days used to be the envy of the world.
  3. (obsolete) Hatred, enmity, ill-feeling. [14th-18th c.]
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book X:
      ‘Sir,’ seyde Sir Launcelot unto Kynge Arthur, ‘by this cry that ye have made ye woll put us that bene aboute you in grete jouparté, for there be many knyghtes that hath envy to us [] .’
    • 1598, William Shakespeare, Henry IV part 1:
      But let me tell the World, / If he out-liue the enuie of this day, / England did neuer owe so sweet a hope, / So much misconstrued in his Wantonnesse.
  4. (obsolete) Emulation; rivalry.
    • Ford
      Such as cleanliness and decency / Prompt to a virtuous envy.
  5. (obsolete) Public odium; ill repute.
    • Ben Jonson
      to lay the envy of the war upon Cicero

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

envy (third-person singular simple present envies, present participle envying, simple past and past participle envied)

  1. (transitive) To feel displeasure or hatred towards (someone) for their good fortune or possessions. [from 14th c.]
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To have envious feelings (at). [15th-18th c.]
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.3.3:
      I do not envy at their wealth, titles, offices; [...] let me live quiet and at ease.
    Who would envy at the prosperity of the wicked? — Jeremy Taylor.
  3. (obsolete, transitive) To give (something) to (someone) grudgingly or reluctantly; to begrudge. [16th-18th c.]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.v:
      But that sweet Cordiall, which can restore / A loue-sick hart, she did to him enuy [...].
  4. (obsolete) To show malice or ill will; to rail.
    He has [] envied against the people. — Shakespeare.
  5. (obsolete) To do harm to; to injure; to disparage.
    • J. Fletcher
      If I make a lie / To gain your love and envy my best mistress, / Put me against a wall.
  6. (obsolete) To hate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Marlowe to this entry?)
  7. (obsolete) To emulate.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

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Related terms[edit]