erbarmen

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See also: Erbarmen

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch erbarmen, from Old High German irbarmēn, with two prefixes ir- and ab (Dutch af) attached to Proto-Germanic *armāną (to pity). The word ontfermen derives from the same source, with a different prefix. Related to arm (poor).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: er‧bar‧men

Verb[edit]

erbarmen (past singular erbarmde, past participle erbarmd)

  1. to have mercy, take pity

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

erbarmen n (uncountable)

  1. mercy, pity

Synonyms[edit]


German[edit]

Verb[edit]

erbarmen (third-person singular simple present erbarmt, past tense erbarmte, past participle erbarmt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (reflexive) to have pity on, to have mercy for
    Herr, erbarme dich unser.
    Lord, have mercy on us.
    Er hat sich des armes Mannes erbarmt.
    He had mercy on the poor man.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In formal standard German, the verb is still commonly used with a genitive object (as above). In the colloquial, and increasingly also in writing, the preposition über + accusative may be used instead: Er hat sich über den alten Mann erbarmt. This is not yet generally accepted.
  • The difficulty can be avoided by using the widely synonymous construction Erbarmen haben mit (→ Er hatte Erbarmen mit dem alten Mann.).

Conjugation[edit]

External links[edit]