ergötzen

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German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German irgezan, Middle High German ergetzen (to cause to forget), hence "to compensate, to reimburse". The verb is a causative to a lost Middle High German ergëzzen which existed alongside vergëzzen, whence modern vergessen (to forget); the simplex verb *getzen is also lost.

The spelling with ö first arises in the 16th century, but the older spelling also persists until at least the early 19th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ɛʁˈɡœtsən/, [ʔɛɐ̯ˈɡœtsn̩]

Verb[edit]

ergötzen (third-person singular simple present ergötzt, past tense ergötzte, past participle ergötzt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) (with genitive) to compensate (someone for some damage)
    • 1534 "die in als ein sun seins leids mit einem guldin oder zehen ergötzen." (Sebastian Franck, Weltbuch)
  2. (transitive) to delight or gladden
    • 1769 "ach eine schöne frau ergetzet uns unendlich." (Goethe, Die Mitschuldigen)
  3. (reflexive) sich ergötzen (an) to cherish, to be amused (by)
    • 1808 "wenn blutegel sich an seinem steisz ergetzen / ist er von geistern und von geist curiert" (Goethe, Faust) trans. Bayard Taylor (1875): "when upon his rump the leeches hang and fuddle / he'll be of spirits and of Spirit cured."

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]