erschrecken

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Erschrecken

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

er- +‎ schrecken

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛʁˈʃʁɛkən/, [ɛɐ̯ˈʃʁɛkən], [ɛɐ̯ˈʃʁɛkŋ̍]
  • Hyphenation: er‧schre‧cken
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

erschrecken (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present erschrickt, past tense erschrak, past participle erschrocken, auxiliary sein or haben)

  1. (standard, intransitive, auxiliary sein) to be frightened; to be startled
    Ich bin erschrocken. – I got scared.
  2. (chiefly colloquial, reflexive, auxiliary haben) to be frightened; to be startled
    Ich habe mich erschrocken. – I got scared.
  3. (dated, transitive, auxiliary haben) to frighten; to scare (someone)
    Bebt er, ihr Schwestern, was, / Redet, erschrickt ihn? – Heinrich von Kleist ("Mädchenrätsel")
    When he quakes, you sisters, what, / Speak, scares him?

Usage notes[edit]

In the modern standard language there is a split between the strong intransitive verb and the weak transitive/reflexive verb (see below). However, the strong verb may also be used reflexively, albeit chiefly in the vernacular. In older German, the strong verb was even used transitively.

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

erschrecken (third-person singular simple present erschreckt, past tense erschreckte, past participle erschreckt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to frighten; to scare (someone)
    Du hast mich erschreckt. – You scared me.
  2. (reflexive) to be frightened; to be startled
    Ich habe mich erschreckt. – I got scared.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]