essen

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See also: Essen

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

essen

  1. Plural form of es

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈʔɛsn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ezzan, from Proto-Germanic *etaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-. Cognate with Low German eten, Dutch eten, English eat, Danish æde, Norwegian ete, Swedish äta, and Gothic 𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (itan). Non-Germanic cognates include Latin edō, Russian есть (est'), Scottish Gaelic ith.

Verb[edit]

essen (class 5 strong, third-person singular simple present isst, past tense , past participle gegessen, past subjunctive äße, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to eat
    Er isst gern Schokolade. — “He likes eating chocolate.”
    Ich esse einen Apfel. — “I am eating an apple.”
  2. (intransitive) to eat; to dine
    Wir haben noch nicht gegessen. — “We have not eaten yet.”
    Sie haben immer vor 9 Uhr abends gegessen. (or, Sie aßen immer vor 9 Uhr abends.) — “They always ate before 9 o’clock in the evening.”

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Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

essen

  1. definite plural of ess