ferment

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French ferment, from Latin fermentare (to leaven, ferment), from fermentum (substance causing fermentation), from fervere (to boil, seethe). See also fervent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ferment (third-person singular simple present ferments, present participle fermenting, simple past and past participle fermented)

  1. To react, using fermentation; especially to produce alcohol by aging or by allowing yeast to act on sugars; to brew.
  2. To stir up, agitate, cause unrest or excitement in.
    • Alexander Pope
      Ye vigorous swains! while youth ferments your blood.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

ferment (plural ferments)

  1. Something, such as a yeast or barm, that causes fermentation.
  2. A state of agitation or of turbulent change.
    • Rogers
      Subdue and cool the ferment of desire.
    • Walpole
      The nation is in a ferment.
  3. A gentle internal motion of the constituent parts of a fluid; fermentation.
    • Thomson
      Down to the lowest lees the ferment ran.
  4. A catalyst.

Quotations[edit]

state of agitation
  • 1919, Ronald Firbank, Valmouth, Duckworth, hardback edition, page 104
    Clad in a Persian-Renaissance gown and a widow's tiara of white batiste, Mrs Thoroughfare, in all the ferment of a Marriage-Christening, left her chamber on vapoury autumn day and descending a few stairs, and climbing a few others, knocked a trifle brusquely at her son's wife's door.

Translations[edit]

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French[edit]

Verb[edit]

ferment

  1. third-person plural present indicative of fermer
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of fermer