fill

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See also: fíll

English[edit]

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 Fill on Wikipedia

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English fillen, fullen, from Old English fyllan (to fill, fill up, replenish, satisfy; complete, fulfill), from Proto-Germanic *fullijaną (to make full, fill), from *fullaz (full), from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full). Cognate with Scots fill (to fill), West Frisian folje (to fill), Dutch vullen (to fill), Low German fullen (to fill), German füllen (to fill), Danish fylde (to fill), Swedish fylla (to fill), Norwegian fylle (to fill), Icelandic fylla (to fill).

Verb[edit]

fill (third-person singular simple present fills, present participle filling, simple past and past participle filled)

  1. (transitive) To occupy fully, to take up all of.
    • c. 1761, Tobias Smollett, translator, Don Quixote, part 2, book 5, chapter 4:
      [] the drums began to thunder, the sound of trumpets filled the air, the earth trembled beneath their feet, and the hearts of the gazing multitude throbbed with suspense and expectation []
    • c. 1860, Charles Dickens, Great Expectations, chapter 38:
      And now that I have given the one chapter to the theme that so filled my heart, and so often made it ache and ache again, I pass on, unhindered, to the event that had impended over me longer yet [] .
  2. (transitive) To add contents to (a container, cavity, or the like) so that it is full.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 3, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.
    • 1950, Arthur W. Upfield, The Bachelors of Broken Hill, chapter 11:
      She continued to frown as she filled Bony's cup and added brandy to her own.
    • 2005, Wendy Coakley-Thompson, What You Won't Do for Love, 2006 edition, ISBN 0758207484, page 10 [1]:
      She forgave him the pain as he filled the cavity in her back molar. Three weeks later, she let him fill a more intimate cavity.
    • 2006, Gilbert Morris, Sante Fe Woman, B&H, page 95 [2]:
      Grat Herendeen was the first man, a huge man with his bull whip coiled and over his shoulder seeming almost a part of him. He grinned at her as she filled his plate with the eggs and motioned toward the bacon. "Help yourself, Grat."
  3. To enter (something), making it full.
    • 1910 May 13, John C. Sherwin, opinion, Delashmutt et al. v. Chicago, B. & Q. R. Co. et al., reprinted in volume 126, North Western Reporter, page 359, at 360:
      In the evening of the 14th of July, there was a rainfall of 3 or 3½ inches in that locality. The water filled the ditch so full that it overflowed the levees on both sides in many places [] .
    • 2004, Peter Westen, The Logic of Consent, Ashgate, ISBN 0754624072, page 322 [3]:
      As the crowd filled the aisles, S repeated loudly what he had announced upon entering the stadium: 'I don't want anyone to touch me, and I will call the police if anyone does.'
  4. (intransitive) To become full.
    the bucket filled with rain;  the sails fill with wind
  5. (intransitive) To become pervaded with something.
    My heart filled with joy.
  6. (transitive) To satisfy or obey (an order, request, or requirement).
    The pharmacist filled my prescription for penicillin.
    We can't let the library close! It fills a great need in the community.
  7. (transitive) To install someone, or be installed, in (a position or office), eliminating a vacancy.
    • 1866, Bedford Pim, The Negro, pages 18–19 [4]:
      It is impossible to resist the conclusion, which experience and history tend to prove, that, the continuous movement of such a vast body of mankind has been influenced by natural laws, that, the negro has filled the position for which he is fitted by nature, and, that, his services were brought into use when the emergency arose necessitating his employment.
    • 1891 January 23, Allen Morse, opinion, Lawrence v. Hanley, reprinted in volume 47, Northwestern Reporter, page 753, at 755:
      The board of supervisors called a specal[sic] election to fill the office, and at such special election Henry C. Andrews was elected judge of probate to fill out the said term.
    Sorry, no more applicants. The position has been filled.
  8. (transitive) To treat (a tooth) by adding a dental filling to it.
    • a. 1891, "Intimate Diagnosis of Diseased Teeth", in Items of Interest: A Monthly Magazine of Dental Art, Science and Literature, volume 13, number 11, November 1891, page 657 [5]:
      Be that as it may, had the disturbance continued after our having filled the molar, and presuming that nothing had been done to the bicuspid, we might have been still as far as ever from knowing where the trouble lay.
  9. (transitive) To fill or supply fully with food; to feed; to satisfy.
    • Bible, Matthew xv. 33
      Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fillso great a multitude?
    • Francis Bacon
      Things that are sweet and fat are more filling.
  10. (transitive, nautical) To trim (a yard) so that the wind blows on the after side of the sails.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (occupy fully, take up all of): pervade
Antonyms[edit]
  • (add contents to a container or cavity): empty
  • (to become full): empty
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English fyllu, from Proto-Germanic *fullį̄. Cognate with German Fülle.

Noun[edit]

fill (plural fills)

  1. (after a possessive) A sufficient or more than sufficient amount.
    Don't feed him any more: he's had his fill.
  2. An amount that fills a container.
    The mixer returned to the plant for another fill.
  3. The filling of a container or area.
    That machine can do 20 fills a minute.
    This paint program supports lines, circles, and textured fills.
  4. Inexpensive material used to occupy empty spaces, especially in construction.
    The ruins of earlier buildings were used as fill for more recent construction.
  5. (archaeology) Soil and/or human-created debris discovered within a cavity and exposed by excavation; fill soil.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See thill.

Noun[edit]

fill (plural fills)

  1. One of the thills or shafts of a carriage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
    • 2008, Martha E. Green, Pioneers in Pith Helmets
      It was a challenge to learn to harness him, guide him slowly back between the fills of the carriage, then to fasten the right buckles and snaps, making the harness and buggy all ready for travel to church or to town.

Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin filum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fill m (plural fije)

  1. thread, yarn

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
Particularly: “Or move the pronunciation section above ety 1”

Adverb[edit]

fill

  1. at once, immediately

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal filh, from Latin fīlius. Cognate to Occitan filh, French fils.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fill m (plural fills)

  1. son

Related terms[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fillid (turns back), from Proto-Celtic *wel-n-, from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (turn); compare German walzen (roll), Latin volvō (turn)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fill (present analytic filleann, future analytic fillfidh, verbal noun filleadh, past participle fillte)

  1. turn back
  2. return
  3. fold
  4. (biology, geology, medicine) plicate
  5. (medicine, of symptoms) recur

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • athfhill (recur; (of decimals) circulate; refold; reflect)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fill fhill bhfill
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fillid (turns back), from Proto-Celtic *wel-n-, from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (turn)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fill (past dh'fhill, future fillidh, verbal noun filleadh, past participle fillte)

  1. fold
  2. plait
  3. twill
  4. imply
  5. contain, include

References[edit]