fremd

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English fremede (strange, foreign), from Old English fremde, fremede, fremeþe (foreign, strange), from Proto-Germanic *framaþiz (foreign, not one's own), from Proto-Indo-European *perəm-, *prom- (forth, forward), from *por- (forward, through). Cognate with Scots fremd (fremd), West Frisian frjemd (strange, fremd), Dutch vreemd (strange, exotic), German fremd (strange, foreign), Swedish främmande (foreign, outlandish, strange). More at from.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fremd (comparative fremder or more fremd, superlative fremdest or most fremd)

  1. (rare or chiefly dialectal) Strange; foreign; alien; outlandish; far off or away; distant.
    • 1873, Blackwood's Edinburgh magazine:
      [...] and if I'm to be no more hereafter to them that belong to me, than to legions of strange angels, or a whole nation of fremd folk !
  2. (rare or chiefly dialectal) Not akin; unrelated.
    • 1875, John Howard Nodal, George Milner, A glossary of the Lancashire dialect:
      Thus, a person living with a family to whom he is not related is termed "a fremd body." If it were asked, "Is he akin to you?" the answer would be, "Nawe, he's fremd," i.e. "he's one of us, but not a relation."
    • 1851, Mrs. Oliphant (Margaret), Passages in the life of Mrs. Margaret Maitland of Sunnyside:
      [...] seeing that they were fremd in heart, if they were kin in blood.
  3. (rare or chiefly dialectal) Out of the ordinary; unusual; unwonted.
    a fremd day
  4. (rare or chiefly dialectal) Strange; weird; outlandish; singular; odd; queer.
    A fremd man this. — Hodgson MS.
  5. (archaic or obsolete) Wild; untamed.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

fremd (plural fremds)

  1. (rare or chiefly dialectal) stranger; guest
  2. (archaic or obsolete) an enmity

References[edit]

  • 1906, The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, "fremd".
  • 1883, The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language, "fremde, fremed".

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German fremidi. Cognate with English fremd.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fremd (comparative fremder, superlative am fremdesten)

  1. strange
  2. foreign
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 28/2010, page 93:
      Fast alle Amerikaner können ihre Wurzeln in fremde Länder zurückverfolgen, und deshalb ist Einwanderung ein Thema, das die Identität der USA auf besondere Weise berührt.
      Nearly all Americans can trace back their roots into foreign countries, and therefore immigration is an issue that touches the identity of the US in a special way.
  3. external

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Scots[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fremd

  1. Alternative form of fremmit