frog

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English[edit]

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A frog (amphibian).

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English frogge, from Old English frogga, frocga (frog), from Proto-Germanic *fruþgô (frog), a pet-form of Proto-Germanic *fruþ-, *frauþaz (frog), deverbative of Proto-Indo-European *prew- (to jump, hop). Cognate with Old Norse frauki (frog), Sanskrit प्लव (plava), प्लवक (plavaka, frog), Lithuanian sprūgti (to leave, escape), Russian пры́гнуть (prýgnutʹ, to leap), пры́гать (prýgatʹ, to jump around), Albanian fryj (to blow)).[1] See also frosh, frosk.

Noun[edit]

The frog of a violin bow is labeled in this photo.

frog (plural frogs)

  1. A small tailless amphibian of the order Anura that typically hops
  2. The part of a violin bow (or that of other similar string instruments such as the viola, cello and contrabass) located at the end held by the player, to which the horsehair is attached
  3. (Cockney rhyming slang) Road. Shorter, more common form of frog and toad
  4. The depression in the upper face of a pressed or handmade clay brick
  5. An organ on the bottom of a horse’s hoof that assists in the circulation of blood
  6. The part of a railway switch or turnout where the running-rails cross (from the resemblance to the frog in a horse’s hoof)
  7. An oblong cloak button, covered with netted thread, and fastening into a loop instead of a button hole.
  8. The loop of the scabbard of a bayonet or sword.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
References[edit]
  1. ^ J.P. Mallory & D.Q. Adams, eds, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "Jump" (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997), 323.
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

frog (third-person singular simple present frogs, present participle frogging, simple past and past participle frogged)

  1. To hunt or trap frogs.
  2. (transitive, biology) To use a pronged plater to transfer (cells) to another plate.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From frog legs, stereotypical food of the French. Compare rosbif (English person), from roast beef, corresponding French term for English, likewise based on stereotypical food.

Noun[edit]

frog (plural frogs)

  1. (offensive) A French person
  2. (Canada, offensive) A French-speaking person from Quebec
Antonyms[edit]
  • (French person): rosbif (of an English, by French)

References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

A frog (toggle)

Unknown. Possibly from Portuguese froco (flock), from Latin floccus (flock).

Noun[edit]

frog (plural frogs)

  1. A leather or fabric loop used to attach a sword or bayonet, or its scabbard, to a waist or shoulder belt
  2. An ornate fastener for clothing consisting of a button, toggle, or knot, that fits through a loop
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

frog (third-person singular simple present frogs, present participle frogging, simple past and past participle frogged)

  1. To ornament or fasten a coat, etc. with frogs

Etymology 4[edit]

Supposedly from ribbit (sound made by a frog) sounding similar to "rip it".

Verb[edit]

frog (third-person singular simple present frogs, present participle frogging, simple past and past participle frogged)

  1. (transitive) To unravel (a knitted garment).
References[edit]

frog” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English frog.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

frog m (genitive froig, nominative plural froganna)

  1. frog (amphibian)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
frog fhrog bhfrog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

frog (plural frogs)

  1. (male or female) frog (amphibian)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]