gatavot

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the adjective gatavs (ready) (q.v.), made into a regular 2nd-conjugation verb.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

gatavot tr., 2nd conj., pres. gatavoju, gatavo, gatavo, past gatavoju

  1. to prepare, to produce, to build, to make (to act so that something reaches a state desired or necessary for some use, some task, etc.)
    gatavot aparātus — to prepare, to build engines, machines
    gatavot no māliem ķieģelus — to prepare, to produce bricks with clay
    gatavot ķīmisku vielu maisījumu — to prepare a mixture of chemicals
    gatavot zāles — to prepare medicine
    pēc mākslinieku zīmējumiem fabrikas meistari gatavoja porcelāna izstrādājumus — the factory specialists prepared, produced the porcelain products according to the artist's drawings
  2. to prepare, to cook (to make food ready for consumption)
    gatavot pudiņu — to prepare, to make a pudding
    gatavot brokastis, pusdienas, vakariņas — to prepare, to cook breakfast, lunch, dinner
    ēdienus gatavoja divas saimnieces no Klidziņas kluba — two ladies from the Klidziņa club prepared, cooked the food
    biešu salātus var gatavot arī ar kartupeļiem — one can prepare beet salad also with potatoes
  3. to prepare (to make ready for use)
    divas istabas tika gatavotas viesu uzņemšanai — two rooms were prepared to receive guests
  4. (of texts, events) to prepare (to create, to organize)
    gatavot rakstu krājumu — to prepare a collection of articles
    gatavot reportāžu, izrādi — to prepare a report, a show
    gatavot stundu — to prepare a lesson (for the teacher, to prepare for teaching it; for the student, to learn it)
    Ozols gatavoja pārskatu par savu darbu pagastā — Ozols prepared a report, an overview of his work in the parish
    un tad viņi ieraudzīja to ilgi gatavoto joku — and then they saw that long-prepared joke
    bērni gatavo skolas uzdevumus — the children are preparing, doing the school exercises
  5. to prepare (to teach, to train someone, usually for a specific occupation)
    gatavot ārstus — to prepare, to train doctors
    institūtā gatavo svešvalodu speciālistus — in the institute they prepare foreign language specialists

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “gatavs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7