- (dialectal form) gauma
A borrowing from some Proto-Germanic language (cf. Old Norse gaum (“attention”), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌿𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (gaumjan, “to notice, to observe”)), first mentioned in 18th-century dictionaries with the meaning of “attention,” a meaning attested dialectally still in the 1870s. The present meaning probably arose via the idea of “attention (to details);” by the end of the 19th century, it had become the standard meaning for this word.
gaume f (5th declension)
- taste (aesthetic and cultural discernment, the sense of what is aesthetically or culturally better)
- laba gaume — good taste
- ģērbties ar gaumi — to dress with taste
- izkopt muzikālo gaumi — to cultivate musical taste
- lēta, slikta gaume — cheap, poor taste
- mākslinieka gaumi vispirms nosaka prasme atšķirt labu darbu no slikta — an artist's taste is first of all expressed (as the) capacity to distingusih good work from bad
- taste (someone's individual preferences)
- tāds darbs ir viņa gaumē — such work is in his taste
- nē, tādas izpriecas nav manā gaumē — no, this kind of pastime, entertainment is not in my taste
- style, cuisine (following a certain recipe or culinary tradition)
- ēdiens poļu gaumē — food in Polish taste (= style, i.e., following Polish recipes, tradition)
- pirmo reizi atkal pēc ilgāka laika bija iespējams kārtīgi paēst un pie tam izslavētas vācu gaumē pagatavotās siļķu kotletes — for the first time again after a long time it was possible to eat well, in fact the celebrated herring meatballs, prepared in the German style (lit. taste)
- ^ “gaume” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.