gaume

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See also: gaumē

Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from some Proto-Germanic language (cf. Old Norse gaum (attention), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌿𐌼𐌾𐌰𐌽 (gaumjan, to notice, to observe)), first mentioned in 18th-century dictionaries with the meaning of “attention,” a meaning attested dialectally still in the 1870s. The present meaning probably arose via the idea of “attention (to details);” by the end of the 19th century, it had become the standard meaning for this word.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

gaume f (5th declension)

  1. taste (aesthetic and cultural discernment, the sense of what is aesthetically or culturally better)
    laba gaume — good taste
    ģērbties ar gaumi — to dress with taste
    izkopt muzikālo gaumi — to cultivate musical taste
    lēta, slikta gaume — cheap, poor taste
    mākslinieka gaumi vispirms nosaka prasme atšķirt labu darbu no slikta — an artist's taste is first of all expressed (as the) capacity to distingusih good work from bad
  2. taste (someone's individual preferences)
    tāds darbs ir viņa gaumē — such work is in his taste
    nē, tādas izpriecas nav manā gaumē — no, this kind of pastime, entertainment is not in my taste
    plašā piedāvājumā: telpaugi dažādām gaumēm! — wide selection of house plants for every taste!
    cik vīriešu, tik gaumju — (there are) as many preferences as (there are) men
  3. style, cuisine (following a certain recipe or culinary tradition)
    ēdiens poļu gaumē — food in Polish taste (= style, i.e., following Polish recipes, tradition)
    pirmo reizi atkal pēc ilgāka laika bija iespējams kārtīgi paēst un pie tam izslavētas vācu gaumē pagatavotās siļķu kotletes — for the first time again after a long time it was possible to eat well, in fact the celebrated herring meatballs, prepared in the German style (lit. taste)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “gaume” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7