goð

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Icelandic[edit]

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Noun[edit]

goð n (genitive singular goðs, nominative plural goð)

  1. an idol, a pagan god

Derived terms[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • guð (Christian God)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gudą (god). Cognate with Old English god, Old Frisian god, Old Saxon god, Old Dutch got, Old High German got, Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌸 (guþ).
Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutom (invoked).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈɡoːð/

Noun[edit]

goð n (genitive goðs, plural goð)

  1. (Heathenry) a god, deity (specifically of the Norse pantheon, but also of any god)
    • Vǫluspá, verse 6, lines 3-4, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 2:
      [] ginnheilög goð, / ok um þat gættusk: []
      [] most holy gods, / and held council: []
  2. (Christianity, especially in compounds) a heathen god, false god
    • Clemens saga 2, in 1874, C. R. Unger, Postola sögur: Legendariske fortællinger om apostlernes liv. Copenhagen, page 127:
      [] i musteri solar goþs, es Apollo heiter []
      [] in the temple of the solar god, as Apollo is called []

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • goði (priest)
  • gyðja (goddess, priestess)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: goð n

References[edit]

  • goð in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • goð in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.