English [ edit ]
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from graffe Old French ( greffe “ stylus ”), from Latin ( graphium “ stylus ”), from Ancient Greek ( γραφείον grapheíon), from ( γράφειν gráphein, “ to write ”); probably akin to English . So named from the resemblance of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Compare carve graphic, grammar.
Pronunciation [ edit ]
graft ( , countable and uncountable plural ) grafts
( countable ) A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.
( countable ) A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot.
( surgery , countable ) A portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty.
( uncountable , colloquial ) Effort needed for doing hard work.
( uncountable , slang ) A criminal's special branch of practice
( uncountable ) Illicit profit by corrupt means, especially in public life.
( uncountable ) Corruption in official life.
( countable ) A con job.
( countable , slang ) A cut of the take (money).
( uncountable , US , politics ) A bribe, especially on an ongoing basis.
Translations [ edit ]
branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot
portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty
criminal's special branch of practice
illicit profit by corrupt means, especially in public life
corruption in official life
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
graft ( third-person singular simple present , grafts present participle , grafting simple past and past participle ) grafted
( transitive ) To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon.
( transitive , surgery ) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.
( transitive ) To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union.
Eloisa to Abelard. And graft my love immortal on thy fame! — Alexander Pope
( transitive , nautical ) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.
( intransitive ) To insert scions (grafts) from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into another; to practice grafting.
Translations [ edit ]
to insert a graft in another tree
to implant to form an organic union
to join as if by grafting
nautical: to cover with weaving of small cord