gribēt

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *greyb-, *grib-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreyb-, *gʰrib- (to grab, to grasp) (from its parallel variant *gʰrebʰ- comes Latvian grābt (to grasp, to grip, to rake), q.v.), from a root *gʰer- (to grasp, to grip) with an extra -(y)b. The semantic evolution apparently was “to seize, to grab” > “to be about to, to want to (seize, grab)” > “to want.” Cognates include Lithuanian griẽbti, dialectal greĩbti (to seize, to grasp, to grab), Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍀𐌰𐌽 (greipan), Old High German grifan, German greifen, English grip.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

gribēt tr., 3rd conj., pres. gribu, gribi, grib, past gribēju

  1. to want (to feel the need for something, to desire something)
    gribēt ēst, dzert — to be hungry, thirsty (lit. to want to eat, to drink)
    gribēt strādāt, mācīties — to want to work, to study
    bērns grib gulēt — the child wants to sleep
    dara, ko grib — (he) does what (he) wants
    gribot negribotwanting, not wanting (= willy-nilly)
    negribēt (ne) dzirdēt — not (even) want to hear (= to be categorically against)
    visas tautas grib mieru, grib celt jaunus namus, dēstīt dārzus — all peoples want piece, (they) want to build new houses, to plant gardens
  2. to want (to intend, to plan)
    Ozols gribēja Vili iepazīstin
    viņš grib līdz vakaram pabeigt iesākto darbu — he wants to finish the work (he) started by evening
  3. (colloquial) to want (to be able to (in a given situation), to be about to)
    mitrā malka negribēja degt — the wet firewood didn't want to (= couldn't, wouldn't) burn
    gribēju izdarīt lielu kļūdu — I wanted (= was about) to make a big mistake
    skapis gandrīz gribēja apgāzties — the cupboard almost wanted (= was likely) to fall over
    tik liels un pieaudzis viņš ilgos gados bija kļuvis, ka Pelašķiene to pirmajā mirklī lāgā pazīt negribēja — (in, during) many years he had grown so big that Pelašķiene at first didn't quite want to (= couldn't quite) recognize him

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “gribēt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.