grind

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See also: grínd

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English grinden, from Old English grindan, (cognate with Dutch grind (gravel, shingle), from Proto-Germanic *grindaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ghrendh- (crushing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

grind (third-person singular simple present grinds, present participle grinding, simple past and past participle ground or grinded) (see usage notes below)

  1. To reduce to smaller pieces by crushing with lateral motion.
  2. To shape with the force of friction.
    grind a lens
    grind an axe
  3. (metalworking) To remove material by rubbing with an abrasive surface.
  4. To become ground, pulverized, or polished by friction.
    This corn grinds well.
    Steel grinds to a sharp edge.
  5. To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.
  6. (sports) To slide the flat portion of a skateboard or snowboard across an obstacle such as a railing.
  7. To oppress, hold down or weaken.
  8. (slang) To rotate the hips erotically.
  9. (slang) To dance in a sexually suggestive way with both partners in very close proximity, often pressed against each other.
  10. (video games) To repeat a task in order to gain levels or items.
  11. To produce mechanically and repetitively as if by turning a crank.
  12. To instill through repetitive teaching.
    Grinding lessons into students' heads does not motivate them to learn.
  13. (slang, Hawaii) To eat.
    Eh, brah, let's go grind.
  14. (slang) To work or study hard; to hustle or drudge.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Farrar to this entry?)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the sports and video game senses, the past participle and past tense form grinded is often used instead of the irregular form ground.
  • Historically, there also existed a past participle form grounden, but it is now archaic or obsolete.
  • When used to denote sexually suggestive dancing between two partners, the past participle and past tense form grinded is almost always used.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

grind (plural grinds)

  1. The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.
  2. A specific degree of pulverization of coffee beans.
    This bag contains espresso grind.
  3. A tedious task.
    This homework is a grind.
  4. A grinding trick on a skateboard or snowboard.
  5. (archaic, slang) One who studies hard; a swot.
  6. Grindcore (subgenre of heavy metal)

Translations[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly a nasal variant of gërdhij, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrendʰ- (compare English grind, Lithuanian gréndžiu ‘to scrape, scratch’).

Verb[edit]

grind (first-person singular past tense grinda, participle grindur)

  1. to brawl, to fight, to wrangle over
Related terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Germanic, presumably from a hypothetic Middle Dutch form grinde, cognate with Anglo-saxon grindan (hence to grind, see above)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

grind n (uncountable)

  1. (geology) The materials gravel, shingle
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Germanic, perhaps from the above root as a crusty rash

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

grind n (uncountable)

  1. (archaic, pathology) The diseases scabies (human), mange (canine)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse grind (grind)

Noun[edit]

grind f (genitive singular grindar, plural grindir)

  1. A framework
  2. A grille
Declension[edit]
f2 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative grind grindin grindir grindirnar
Accusative grind grindina grindir grindirnar
Dative grind grindini grindum grindunum
Genitive grindar grindarinnar grinda grindanna

Etymology 2[edit]

The term is a Faroese invention. A school of pilot whales reminds of a framework (see grind above) in the sea, by swimming very close to each other. The Faroese term was loaned in many other languages; compare German Grindwal, Danish grindehval or Dutch griend. More likely the word is related to the English word ground and refers to the whales frequently being grounded or easily driven onto ground.

Noun[edit]

grind f (genitive singular grindar, plural grindir)

  1. A school of grindahvalur (pilot whales)
  2. The tvøst (meat) and spik (blubber) of the pilot whales
  3. The act of pilot whaling, grindadráp
  4. (figuratively) An unexpected meal
Declension[edit]
f2 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative grind grindin grindir grindirnar
Accusative grind grindina grindir grindirnar
Dative grind grindini grindum grindunum
Genitive grindar grindarinnar grinda grindanna

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

grind f (genitive singular grindar, nominative plural grindur)

  1. lattice, grid, grille
  2. framework
  3. (order theory) lattice
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Faroese grind.

Noun[edit]

grind f

  1. pilot whale
Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse grind

Noun[edit]

grind f, m (definite singular grinda or grinden, indefinite plural grinder, definite plural grindene)(Bokmål)
grind f (definite singular grinda, indefinite plural grinder, definite plural grindene)(Nynorsk)

  1. A hinged gate across road or path where it is intersected by a fence.
  2. A framework
  3. A grille

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “grind” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • grind” in The Ordnett Dictionary

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

grind c

  1. A gate; door-like structure outside a building
  2. (computing) A gate, logical pathway

Declension[edit]