hemlock

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English[edit]

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Conium maculatum, one of the umbellifers called hemlock
Tsuga heterophylla, one of the conifers called hemlock

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hemlok, hemeluc, from Old English hymlīc, hymlīce (hemlock, bryony, convulvus), literally 'hops-like', from hymele (hop-vine), from Proto-Germanic *humalaz, *humalōn, of unknown origin. Perhaps from Scythian *haumala, a diminutive of *hauma (ephedra; juice), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sauma from Proto-Indo-European *seue- (to suck; juice).

Noun[edit]

hemlock (plural hemlocks)

  1. Any of several coniferous trees, of the genus Tsuga, that grow in North America; the wood of such trees.
  2. Any of the poisonous umbelliferous plants, of the genera
    1. Conium, either Conium maculatum or Conium chaerophylloides.
    2. Cicuta, water hemlock plant.
  3. The poison obtained from these Conium and Cicuta plants .

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