hemlock

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English[edit]

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Conium maculatum, one of the umbellifers called hemlock
Tsuga heterophylla, one of the conifers called hemlock

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English hemlok, hemeluc, from Old English hymlīc, hymlīce (hemlock, bryony, convulvus), literally 'hops-like', from hymele (hop-vine), from Proto-Germanic *humalaz, *humalōn, of unknown origin. Perhaps from Scythian *haumala, a diminutive of *hauma (ephedra; juice), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sauma from Proto-Indo-European *seue- (to suck; juice).

Noun[edit]

hemlock (plural hemlocks)

  1. Any of several coniferous trees, of the genus Tsuga, that grow in North America; the wood of such trees.
  2. A poisonous umbelliferous plants, of the genera Conium, either Conium maculatum or Conium chaerophylloides.
  3. The water hemlock plant, genus Cicuta.
  4. The poison obtained from these plants.

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