hestur

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See also: Hestur

Faroese[edit]

Faroe stamp 242 horse in the Faroes.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hestr, from Proto-Germanic *hangistaz, *hanhistaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱanḱest-, *kankest- (horse).

Noun[edit]

hestur m (genitive singular hests, plural hestar)

  1. stallion
  2. horse in general

Declension[edit]

m6 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hestur hesturin hestar hestarnir
Accusative hest hestin hestar hestarnar
Dative hesti hestinum hestum hestunum
Genitive hests hestsins hesta hestanna

Hypernyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hestr, from Proto-Germanic *hangistaz, *hanhistaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hestur m (genitive singular hests, nominative plural hestar)

  1. a horse syn.
    • Revelation 6-11 (English and Icelandic)
      Og ég sá, og sjá: Bleikur hestur, og sá er á honum sat, hann hét Dauði, og Hel var í för með honum. Þeim var gefið vald yfir fjórða hluta jarðarinnar, til þess að deyða með sverði, með hungri og drepsótt og láta menn farast fyrir villidýrum jarðarinnar.
      I looked, and there before me was a pale horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.
  2. (gymnastics) a horse, a pommel horse, a vaulting horse

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The noun hestur is the de facto noun used to determine the case of another noun by substitution.
    Using the noun maður (a man) as an example:
    ég þekki mann (I know a man) → ég þekki hest (I know a horse)
    since hest is known to be the accusative form of hestur it may be deduced that mann is in the accusative case as well.
  • A commonly taught mnemonic to find the cases of nouns is reciting a set of prepositions followed by an agreeing noun and hestur is often used as an example:
    nominative: hér er hestur (there is a horse here)
    accusative: um hest (about a horse)
    dative: frá hesti (from a horse)
    genitive: til hests (to a horse)

Derived terms[edit]

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