heterotroph

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

hetero- +‎ -troph

Noun[edit]

heterotroph (plural heterotrophs)

  1. (ecology) An organism which requires an external supply of energy in the form of food as it cannot synthesize its own.
    • 2013 March 1, Harold J. Morowitz, “The Smallest Cell”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 2, page 83: 
      It is likely that the long evolutionary trajectory of Mycoplasma went from a reductive autotroph to oxidative heterotroph to a cell-wall–defective degenerate parasite. This evolutionary trajectory assumes the simplicity to complexity route of biogenesis, a point of view that is not universally accepted.

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Adjective[edit]

heterotroph (not comparable)

  1. heterotrophic

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