homology

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English[edit]

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Noun[edit]

homology (plural homologies)

  1. A homologous relationship.
  2. (biology) A correspondence of structures in two life forms with a common evolutionary origin, such as flippers and hands.
  3. (chemistry) The relationship between the elements in the same group of the periodic table, or between organic compounds in a homologous series.
  4. (mathematics) A theory associating a system of quotient groups to each topological space.
  5. (mathematics) A system of quotient groups associated to a topological space.
  6. (genetics) The presence of the same series of bases in related genes.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Like many terms that start with a non-silent h but have emphasis on their second syllable, some people precede homology with an, others with a.
  • (biology): For a discussion of the use of the term homology (and by association homologous) in biology, see: Patterson, Colin. "Homology in Classical and Molecular Biology." Molecular Biology and Evolution 5, no. 6 (November 1988): 603–625. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/5/6/603.pdf (accessed 18 December 2009; archived 18 December 2009, http://www.webcitation.org/5m7rn4rCe )
  • (mathematics): When used attributively before the name of a topological space, as in "homology n-sphere" or "homology manifold", the reference is to a space whose homology is the same as that of the space mentioned: an homology manifold, for example, is a space whose homology is that of some manifold.

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Translations[edit]

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