iarr

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish íarraid, from íar (after), from Proto-Celtic *eɸiro-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi- (near, at, against); compare Greek ἐπί (epí, on, over, at).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

iarr (present analytic iarrann, future analytic iarrfaidh, verbal noun iarraidh, past participle iarrtha)

  1. to ask, ask for, request
  2. to try, attempt

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iarr n-iarr hiarr t-iarr
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish iarraim

Verb[edit]

iarr (past dh'iarr, future iarraidh, verbal noun iarraidh, past participle iarrte)

  1. want
  2. ask, request, demand
  3. seek, search, look for, probe
    Chan fhaic 's chan iarr iad. ― They shall neiher see nor enquire.
  4. invite
    Iarr e gu pàrtaidh. ― Invite him to a party.
  5. (dated) pain, purge (as medicine)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the sense of requesting or desiring takes the preposition air:
    Dh'iarr e airgead oirre. ― He asked her for money.
    An iarr thu air sin a thachairt? ― Will you desire that to happen?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Compiled by Malcolm MacLennan)