iekša

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See also: iekšā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Abstracted as a singular, with independent meaning, from the plural iekšas (guts, entrails), from an earlier (and still dialectal) iešas with an epenthetic k, from Proto-Baltic *en-styā-s, derived from *en-, *h₁en (in(side)). The adverb iekšā (inside) is the corresponding locative case form; in 16th- and 17th-century sources an old illative form iekšan is also used (from which is derived the old-fashioned preposition iekš). Cognates include Lithuanian įšcios ((pl.) mother's lap; depth), Old Prussian instran (lard), Old Church Slavonic ѩтро (jętro, liver), Old Norse istr (inner fat), Middle Low German inster (slaughtered animal entrails), Ancient Greek ἔντερον (énteron, guts, intestines).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

iekša m (1st declension)

  1. interior, inside (the space in the inside of a building, house, etc.)
    rijas iekša ir melna — the inside of the barn is black
    nākt no iekšas — to come from inside
    dzīvot, strādāt pa iekšu — to live, to work inside
    durvis bija no iekšas ciet — the door was shut from the inside
  2. (chiefly reduced, used in compounds as a quasi-prefix) internal, inside, inner
    iekšlogsinterior, inside window
    iekšdurvisinterior door
    iekšsienainterior wall
    iekškabatainner pocket
    iekšdarbiinterior works
  3. in, inside (of something, some object)
    likt pēdas uz iekšu — to put one's food in(side) (something)
    zēni sabāzuši kopā, jaunākais rociņu satvēris dūrē ar īkšķīti uz iekšu — the boys were packed together, the youngest one having clutched his little hand into a fist with the thumb inside

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (of "(area) inside"): ārs
  • (of "in, inside"): ārā
  • (of "internal, inner"): ārējs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “iekša” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7