ihr

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See also: Ihr

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard) IPA(key): /ʔiːɐ̯/
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /ɐ/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German ir, from Old High German ir, from West Germanic *jīz, variant of Proto-Germanic *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́. Cognate with Low German ji, jie, Dutch jij, gij, je, English ye, Gothic 𐌾𐌿𐍃 (jūs).

Pronoun[edit]

ihr pl

  1. you (plural; familiar)
Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • This form is the plural of du; both are considered familiar today and used when addressing a group of people with whom one is fairly intimate (such as family members or friends) or to one's inferiors in age or rank (such as children). The form Ihr (capitalized in writing) was formerly the polite second-person form for both singular and plural (cf. French vous and Early Modern English you) and used for addressing strangers and one's superiors, a function nowadays expressed instead with the pronoun Sie.
  • As with all personal pronouns, the genitive case is very rare. It is used only in archaic speech and in very high registers with verbs such as erinnern and gedenken that take a genitive object. The possessive determiner euer, on the other hand, which is put in front of the nouns it modifies and is inflected to agree with that noun, is perfectly common.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old High German iru, iro

Pronoun[edit]

ihr

  1. dative of sie
    Hast du ihr das Buch gegeben?
    Did you give her the book?

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old High German ira

Pronoun[edit]

ihr

  1. her (possessive)
  2. its (when the owning object/article/thing/animal etc., referred to, is feminine)
Inflection[edit]
Declension of ihr
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative ihr ihre ihr ihre
genitive ihres ihrer ihres ihrer
dative ihrem ihrer ihrem ihren
accusative ihren ihre ihr ihre

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old High German iro.

Pronoun[edit]

ihr

  1. their
Inflection[edit]
Declension of ihr
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative ihr ihre ihr ihre
genitive ihres ihrer ihres ihrer
dative ihrem ihrer ihrem ihren
accusative ihren ihre ihr ihre