infect

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French infect, from Latin infectus, perfect passive participle of inficiō (dye, taint).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

infect (third-person singular simple present infects, present participle infecting, simple past and past participle infected)

  1. (transitive) To bring into contact with a substance that causes illness (a pathogen).
    • 2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193: 
      Bats host many high-profile viruses that can infect humans, including severe acute respiratory syndrome and Ebola.
  2. (transitive) To make somebody enthusiastic about one's own passion.
    Her passion for dancing has infected me.

Antonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

infect (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Infected.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin infectus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

infect m (feminine infecte, masculine plural infects, feminine plural infectes)

  1. vile, loathsome
  2. revolting, disgusting