insula

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See also: Insula, insulă, and ínsula

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin insula (island).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

insula (plural insulas or insulae)

  1. (historical) A block of buildings in a Roman town.
  2. (anatomy) The insular cortex, a structure of the human brain located within the lateral sulcus.
    • 2007 February 6, Sandra Blakeslee, “A Small Part of the Brain, and Its Profound Effects”, New York Times:
      All mammals have insulas that read their body condition, Dr. Craig said.
    • 2011, Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature, Penguin 2012, p. 608:
      The insula registers our physical gut feelings, including the sensation of a distended stomach and other inner states like nausea, warmth, a full bladder, and a pounding heart.

Esperanto[edit]

Adjective[edit]

insula (plural insulaj, accusative singular insulan, accusative plural insulajn)

  1. insular

Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia la

īnsula in marī Adriāticō (an island in the Adriatic Sea)

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain origin. It has been connected to Ancient Greek νῆσος (nēsos, island), Breton enez, Old Irish inis and Old Welsh inis.

Pokorny (1959) tentatively connects it to salum (the sea): he posits ellipsis from terra in salo (land in the sea) to in (in) + salo (ablative of salum), invoking the similar Ancient Greek word ἔναλος (enalos, maritime).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

īnsula f (genitive īnsulae); first declension

  1. island
  2. block of apartments, usually for the lower class

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative īnsula īnsulae
genitive īnsulae īnsulārum
dative īnsulae īnsulīs
accusative īnsulam īnsulās
ablative īnsulā īnsulīs
vocative īnsula īnsulae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • insula in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

insula f

  1. definite singular nominative form of insulă. the island
  2. definite singular accusative form of insulă. the island