isoprene

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English[edit]

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Skeletal formula of isoprene.

Etymology[edit]

Coined (1860) by British chemist C. G. Williams, from iso- (equal; different, isomeric) + prop- (three carbon prefix) + -ene (alkene suffix). A misnomer.

Noun[edit]

isoprene (plural isoprenes)

  1. (organic chemistry) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C5H8, that is readily polymerized; natural rubber (caoutchouc) is cis-1,4-polyisoprene, and trans-1,4-polyisoprene is present in gutta-percha and balata; it is the structural basis for the terpenes.

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Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

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isoprene m (plural isopreni)

  1. (organic chemistry) isoprene

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