jūra

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See also: jura, jūrą, jūrā, and Jura

Latvian[edit]

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 Jūra on Latvian Wikipedia

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Jūra

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *yawr-, *yūr-, from Proto-Indo-European *aw(e)r-, *ūr- with an added initial y, from *aw-, *awe- (to wet, to moisten, to flow) with a suffix -r. The initial *y may result from metathesis in *awer- (> *ew(a)r-, *eur-), or from the influence of some other Proto-Indo-European root like *(e)rey-, *(e)rew- (to flow) (metathesized into *ewr-). The original meaning was thus “wet, swampy place” (cf. Lithuanian jáuris “swamp” < Proto-Baltic *yawr-), from which “lake” (still attested in old folk tales, and also in borrowings into Finnic: Livonian jõra, Estonian järv, Finnish järvi, Sami jaura, jawre, jávri) and finally “sea.” Cognates include Lithuanian jū́ra, dialectal jūrė, plural jū́ros, jū́rios, jū́rės (cf. Latvian dialectal jūre, jūris, plural jūres), Old Prussian iūrin, *jūren, *jūrʲai, Armenian ջուր (ǰur, water), Albanian hurdë (deep place; pond; swamp); without the initial *y, also Old Norse ūr, ȳra, Latin ūrīnō (to dive, to plunge into water), ūrīna (urine).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

jūra f (4th declension)

  1. (geography) sea (large body of salty water)
    Baltijas jūra — Baltic Sea
    Melnā jūra — Black Sea
    jūras krasts, ūdens, vējšsea coast, water, wind
    peldēt jūrā — to swim in the sea
    jūras slimībasea sickness
    iziet jūrā — to go on sea, to sail, to set off
    virs, zem jūrās līmeņa — above, below sea level
  2. (astronomy) sea (dark areas on the surface of the Moon or other natural satellites)
    mēness jūra — moon mare
  3. (figuratively) very large quantity or amount (of something)
    ziedu jūrasea of flowers
    liesmu jūrasea of flames

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “jūra” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jū́ra f (plural jū́ros) stress pattern 1

  1. sea

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Samogitian[edit]

Samogitian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sgs

Noun[edit]

jūra f (plural jūras)

  1. sea