joks

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *yuok-, from Proto-Indo-European *yōk-, the o-grade of *yek- (to speak) (whence also Sanskrit याचति (yā́cati, to ask, to beg) < (“to say solemnly”)). A minority opinion is that joks is a borrowing from Latin iocus, via a Germanic language. The term is attested in 17th-century dictionaries, where smiekli (laugh) is a synonym; these terms became semantically differentiatiated by the mid-19th century, when the meaning of smiekli was broadened. Cognates include Lithuanian juõkas (laugh, laughter; joke, joking; jesting, fun), Latin iocus (joke, jest).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

joks m (1st declension)

  1. joke, jest (words or behavior that amuses, causes laughter)
    asprātīgi, muļķīgi, sekli joki — witty, stupid, shallow jokes
    stāstīt jokus — to tell jokes
    tas tik bija joks! — this was such a joke!
    joku stāstshumorous story
    joka pēc, joka dēļ — just for fun
    humoram jāieņem liela vieta cilvēka dzīvē... bez joka, bez smiekliem nevar dzīvot! — humor must take an important part in human life... without joke(s), without laughs one cannot live!
  2. joke (words or actions not meant to be taken seriously)
    pa jokam — jokingly, not seriously (lit. by joke)
    nav (nekāds) joks — this is no joke
    nav joka lieta — this is no joke
    bez jokiem — no joke (= this is serious)
    nebaidies, tas bija tikai joks — don't be afraid, that was only a joke
    netici viņam, tie bija tikai muļķīgi joki — don't believe him, these were just stupid jokes

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “joks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

jóks m (feminine jokià)

  1. no

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

jóks

  1. no

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]