josta

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See also: jostā

Finnish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

josta

  1. Elative singular form of joka.

Latvian[edit]

Jostas (1)
Josta apvidus (4)

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem found in josla (zone, strip), Proto-Indo-European *yo(u)s- (to girdle) (itself from *yeu- (to bind)), but with a different suffix (-t(a) instead of -l(a)). Cognates include Lithuanian júosta (belt), Proto-Slavic *po-jasъ (compare Russian пояс (pojas)), Sanskrit रास्ना (rāsnā, girdle) (< *yā́s-nā), Ancient Greek ζῶμα (zôma, loincloth, drawers) (< *zōsma < *yo(w)s-ma-).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

josta f (4th declension)

  1. belt (a band worn around the waist, to keep clothes in place, to hold weapons, or serve as decoration)
    josta ar sprādzibelt with a buckle
    pīta josta — braided belt
    mēteļa, jakas josta — coat, jacket belt
    aizsprādzēt, savilkt jostu — to buckle, to tighten the belt
  2. belt (a belt-like strap or band to hold someone in place)
    drošības josta — safety belt (e.g., in a car)
    glābšanas josta — life belt
  3. (figuratively) belt-like area around something
    ezera ūdeni apjož smilšu josta — a sand belt surrounded the waters of the lake
  4. waist, loins (part of the body between the chest and the hips)
    jostas apviduslumbar region
    jostas skriemeļi, muskulis, nervilumbar vertebrae, muscle, nerves

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.