kāposti

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Latvian[edit]

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 Kāposti on Latvian Wikipedia

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Kāposti

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic капуста (kapusta) (cf. Russian капуста (kapústa)), itself a borrowing based on the merging of two Latin words, caputium (head of cabbage) and compos(i)ta (compound vegetables). This word must have been borrowed before the 13th century, when Old East Slavic у was still pronounced as o. Its first occurrence is in 16th-century dictionaries.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

kāposti m (1st declension)

  1. cabbage (esp. Brassica oleracea)
    audzēt kāpostus — to grow cabbage
    kāpostu galviņa, kāpostgalviņa — head of cabbage
    vārīt kāpostus — to boil cabbage
    kāpostu pīrāgscabbage pie

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is a singular form kāposts, only sporadically attested.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “kāposti” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7