ken

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See also: Ken, kén, kěn, and kèn

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Northern and Scottish dialects from Old English cennan (make known, declare, acknowledge) originally “make to know”, causative of cunnan (to become acquainted with, to know), from Old Norse kenna (know, perceive), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną, causative of *kunnaną (be able). Cognate to German kennen (to know, be acquainted with someone/something).

The noun meaning “range of sight” is a nautical abbreviation of present participle kenning.

Noun[edit]

ken (uncountable)

  1. Knowledge or perception.
  2. (nautical) Range of sight.
Usage notes[edit]

In common usage a fossil word, found only in the phrase beyond one’s ken.

Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (nautical range of sight): offing
Quotations[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ken (third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned or kent)

  1. (transitive, chiefly Scotland) To know, perceive or understand.
  2. (obsolete, chiefly Scotland) To discover by sight; to catch sight of; to descry.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      I proposed to the Mariners, that it would be of great benefit in Navigation to make use of [the telescope] upon the round-top of a ship, to discover and kenne Vessels afar off.
    • Addison
      We ken them from afar.
    • Shakespeare
      'Tis he. I ken the manner of his gait.
Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
References[edit]
  • The New Geordie Dictionary, Frank Graham, 1987, ISBN 0946928118
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4[1]
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [2]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[3]
  • Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, 1989

Etymology 2[edit]

Perhaps from kennel.

Noun[edit]

ken (plural kens)

  1. (slang, UK, obsolete) A house, especially a den of thieves.

Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

ken (??? please provide the plural!)

  1. chin

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ken

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kennen
  2. imperative of kennen

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

(index ke)

Etymology[edit]

From the same Proto-Uralic *ki as Hungarian ki and Ter Sami kie.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ken
  • Rhymes: -en
  • IPA(key): [ken]

Pronoun[edit]

ken

  1. (interrogative, archaic) who; (when followed by a modifier in elative case, -sta/-stä) which one (of + a noun referring to people).
  2. (indefinite, archaic) whoever.

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Ken is archaic in tone (or dialectal).

Synonyms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ken

  1. to smear

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verb prefixes):


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ken

  1. rōmaji reading of けん
  2. rōmaji reading of ケン

Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ken ?

  1. laugh
  2. smile

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quĕm, accusative of qui.

Pronoun[edit]

ken (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling קיין)

  1. who, whom
  2. whoever, whomever

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ken

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kén.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kěn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kèn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English cennan (make known, declare, acknowledge), originally "make to know", causative of cunnan (to become acquainted with, to know).

Noun[edit]

ken (uncountable)

  1. knowledge or perception

Verb[edit]

tae ken (third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kennin, simple past kent, past participle kent)

  1. (transitive) To know, perceive or understand.
    Do ye ken John Peel with his coat so gay? - 18th century ballad
    • Dae ye ken Ken kens Ken?
      Do you know Ken knows Ken?"

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English can

Verb[edit]

ken

  1. can
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:29 (translation here):
      Na God i tok olsem, “Mi givim yupela ol kain kain diwai na gras i karim pikinini bilong kaikai. Na yupela i ken kisim kaikai long ol dispela samting.


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