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Etymology 1[edit]

kieli (tongue, language) +‎ -inen


kielinen  (not comparable)

  1. being of a language; used mainly as head word in compound terms, independently mainly in questions:
    Minkä kielinen tuo sanomalehti on?
    What is the language of that newspaper?
    Se on ranskankielinen.
    It's in French.
  2. -lingual; used as head in compound terms only
    kaksikielinen — bilingual
  3. -tongued; used as head in compound terms only
    pitkäkielinen — long-tongued
  4. -speaking, -phone; used to form adjectives and nouns that indicate a speaker of a certain language e.g. French-speaking, Francophone - for a list of words formed with "-phone" see derived terms -section of the entry -phone.
Usage notes[edit]
  1. In Finnish the names of languages are often the same as that of the country or a geographic area where the language is spoken, only with a small initial letter:
    • France -> French = Ranska -> ranska (or, if necessary for avoiding confusion, ranskan kieli)
    • England -> English = Englanti -> englanti (id., englannin kieli)
  2. Or, (like in English) the name of a language can be same as the word referring to a member of the nation, tribe, etc. that speaks the language:
    • Aztec -> Aztec = atsteekki -> atsteekki (id., atsteekin kieli).
  3. Any name of a language can be combined with the adjective kielinen to produce an adjective which refers to that particular language. Note that the name of the language is in genitive:
    • englanti -> englanninkielinen = English (English-language)
  4. The word kielinen can be used alone in cases where the language is not specified, such as in questions.
    • Minkä kielinen tämä teksti on?
      • In which language is this text?
  5. The Finnish equivalent for the expression "in [Language]" is usually the translative case:
    • Kirjoitan mielelläni englanniksi.
      • I like to write in English
    • Onko Teillä tätä kirjaa englanniksi'?
    • Do you have this book in English?
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

kieli (string) +‎ -inen



  1. (music) -string; used as head in compound terms
    12-kielinen kitara — 12-string guitar
    teräskielinen kitara — steel-string guitar

Etymology 3[edit]



  1. First-person singular potential form of kieliä.