kurpe

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See also: kurpē

Latvian[edit]

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 Kurpes on Latvian Wikipedia

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Kurpes

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *kurp- (+ feminine ending -e), from the zero grade *kr̥p- of Proto-Indo-European *kerp- (piece of leather; shoe), from the stem *ker- (to cut) (whence also cirpt (to shear, to clip), q.v.) with an extra p. Semantic evolution: “to cut” > “a cut piece of leather” > “shoe (made of leather)” > “shoe.” Cognates include Lithuanian kùrpė (shoe, half-boot, slipper; foot (measure of length)), Old Prussian kurpe (shoe), Russian dialectal корпать (korpát’, to mend clothes), Bulgarian кърпа (kǎrpa, rag, cloth, patch), Serbo-Croatian kȑpa (patch, piece of cloth), kȑplje (old shoes, skis), Old Irish cairem (cobbler) (< *carpjamos), Ancient Greek καρβάτινος (karbátinos, made of leather), καρβάτιναι (karbátinai, rawhide shoes), καρπάτινον (karpátinon, simple shoe made of one piece of leather).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

kurpe f (5th declension)

  1. (usually in the plural) shoes (footwear made of strong, rigid material (e.g., leather) with heels and hard soles, covering the foot but not higher than the ankle)
    vīriešu vasaras kurpes — men's summer shoes
    sieviešu ielas kurpes — women's street shoes
    augstpapēžu kurpes — high-heeled shoes
    rīta kurpes — slippers (lit. morning shoes)
    kurpes ar sprādzishoes with a buckle
    kurpju auklas — shoe laces
    spodrināt kurpes — to polish shoes
    novilkt kurpes — to take off (one's) shoes
    baleta kurpes — ballet shoes
    Kumuru ciema kurpniekam Mednītim nācās taisīt vairākus pārus kurpju — Mednītis, the shoemaker of the village of Kumuru, had to make several pairs of shoes
  2. (technology) a component part which supports something else
    balsta iekšējā kurpe — supporting internal shoe

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Level intonation is the standard intonation for the term kurpe (shoe) according to Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca, pronunciation with a broken intonation is very common, however.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “kurpe” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7