- genitive singular form of laiva
- nominative plural form of laiva
- vocative plural form of laiva
- accusative plural form of laiva
Variants include dialectal laĩvė, archaic laĩva. The origin of this word is not clear. Some see it as a borrowing from Finnic (cf. Finnish laiva “ship; nave”, Estonian laev, Livonian lōja < *laiva, perhaps a borrowing from Proto-Germanic *flauja > laiva; cf. Old Norse fley “boat,” “raft”). However, since this etymology within Finnic is controversial, others consider laiva the reflex of an old Baltic term, perhaps originally used by Curonian fishermen and later spread to all the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. If this is true, a possible etymology is Proto-Baltic *leiw-, *laiw-, from Proto-Indo-European *ley- with an extra -w, from *el-ey, from *el- (“to bend, to turn”); in this case, the original meaning would have been “bent, concave (object).” Cognates include Latvian laiva.
laivas m (plural laivai)
- ship (large water vessel)
- ^ “laiva” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
This Lithuanian entry was created from the translations listed at ship. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see laivas in the Lithuanian Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) February 2008