lauseenvastike

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Finnish[edit]

(index la)

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Etymology[edit]

Genitive of lause (clause) + vastike (substitute)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɑu.seːnˌvɑs.ti.ke(ʔ)]
  • Hyphenation: lau‧seen‧vas‧ti‧ke

Noun[edit]

lauseenvastike

  1. (grammar) participial phrase (short phrase consisting of a participle and any modifiers, objects, and complements)
    väärä lauseenvastike
    dangling participle
  2. (grammar) absolute construction

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In Finnish lauseenvastike is defined as a structure, the content of which corresponds to a sentence, but which has no grammatical predicate. As the word indicates, a lauseenvastike may usually be replaced with a subordinate clause. Instead of a predicate, a lauseenvastike usually contains an infinitive or participle form of a verb. The English translation usually involves a participial phrase, sometimes an absolute construction. On the other hand, every English participial phrase may not be translated into Finnish with a lauseenvastike, but a subordinate clause must be used.

In spoken language lauseenvastike is seldom used, and the same idea is expressed with a subordinate clause instead.