Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search


(index la)

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi


Genitive of lause (clause) + vastike (substitute)


  • IPA(key): [ˈlɑu.seːnˌvɑʔ)]
  • Hyphenation: lau‧seen‧vas‧ti‧ke



  1. (grammar) participial phrase (short phrase consisting of a participle and any modifiers, objects, and complements)
    väärä lauseenvastike
    dangling participle
  2. (grammar) absolute construction


Usage notes[edit]

In Finnish lauseenvastike is defined as a structure, the content of which corresponds to a sentence, but which has no grammatical predicate. As the word indicates, a lauseenvastike may usually be replaced with a subordinate clause. Instead of a predicate, a lauseenvastike usually contains an infinitive or participle form of a verb. The English translation usually involves a participial phrase, sometimes an absolute construction. On the other hand, every English participial phrase may not be translated into Finnish with a lauseenvastike, but a subordinate clause must be used.

In spoken language lauseenvastike is seldom used, and the same idea is expressed with a subordinate clause instead.