lielums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From liels (big) +‎ -ums.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

lielums m (1st declension)

  1. size, value, magnitude (a property or set of properties expressed numerically in some measurement unit)
    priekšmeta lielums — object size
    telpas lielums — room size
    ātruma lielums — speed value, magnitude
    ražas lielums — harvest size, yield
    rūpniecības produkcijas lieluma pieaugums — growth in the size of industrial production
    kapitālo ieguldījumu lielums — capital investment size, value
    dotais lielums — given, known value
    nezināmais lielums — unknown value
    vidējais artimētiskais lielums — arithmetic mean (lit. middle arithmetic value)
    vidējais ģeometriskais lielums — geometric mean (lit. middle geometric value)
    konstants, pastāvīgs lielums — constant value
    mainīgs lielums — variable value, variable
    samērojami, nesamērojami lielumi — commensurable, incommensurable quantities
    bezgalīgi liels lielums — infinitely large value, magnitude
    bezgalīgi mazs lielums — infinitely small, infinitesimal value, magnitude
    galīgs lielums — finite size, value
  2. (of clothes, shoes) size (standard dimensions, usually identified by numbers)
    kurpes bija sakārtotas pēc lielumiem — the shoes were ordered by size
    pieaugušiem vīriešiem visizplatītākais apģērba lielums ir 48 un 50 — in adult men, the most common clothes size is 48 and 50.
  3. (chiefly in the singular) intensity, greatness
    sajūsmas, uztraukuma lielums — delight, excitement intensity
    lieluma mānija — megalomania (lit. greatness mania)
  4. (chiefly singular) greatness, importance
    Tēvijas kara lielums vēsturē ir nesalīdzināms — the greatness of the Patriotic war in history is incomparable
    laika lielumu, kurā dzīvojām, var apjaust un pareizi novērtēt — the greatness of the times in which we live can be comprehended and properly assessed
  5. (chiefly in the singular) greatness (outstanding positive qualities of a person)
    ne jau rindu skaits nosaka dzejnieka lielumu, bet gan domu briedums, drosme un emocionālais spēks, kas ieslēpts vārsmās — not the number of lines shows the poet's greatness, but the maturity of thought, the courage and emotional strength, which lie hidden in the verses
  6. (colloquial) most, greater part
    lielums no pavasara ūdeņiem bija jau noskrējismost, the greater part of the spring waters had already run, flowed by

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]