māja

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See also: maja, Maja, and mājā

Latvian[edit]

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 Māja on Latvian Wikipedia

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Māja

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally considered a borrowing from Proto-Finno-Ugric *mā (land, earth) (compare Finnish, Estonian maa, Veps ma, Livonian ); the meaning evolved from “earth, land” → “earth, fields close to a village, to (farm) houses” → “(farm) house.” From Latvian, this word was later re-borrowed into Finno-Ugric (compare Estonian maja (house), Finnish maja (hut), Livonian mōi (home). More recently, it has been suggested that the same meaning of Proto-Finno-Ugric *mā (land, earth) is found in some Indo-European words, like Sanskrit मही (mahī), Old Irish mag (plains, field) (from Proto-Indo-European *meǵ(ʰ)-, *mag(ʰ)-, whence also Ancient Greek μέγα (méga, big)). Since Proto-Finno-Ugric *mā (land, earth), from *mahe, from *mahwe, it may be that the Finno-Ugric and the Indo-European words actually have a common, pre-Proto-Indo-European source. In this case, Latvian māja might not be a borrowing from Finno-Ugric, but a retention from Proto-Indo-European.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

māja f (4th declension)

  1. house, dwelling
    dzīvojamā māja — residential house
    stūra māja — corner house
    ģimenes māja — family house
    kalpu māja — servants' house, farm workers' house
    vienstāva, daudzstāvu māja — one-storey, multi-storey house
  2. (chiefly in the plural) farmhouse, farmstead, farm and its buildings
    lauku mājas — farmhouse, farmstead
    iepirkt mājas — to buy a farm
    dzīt govis mājās — to drive the cows to the farm
  3. (chiefly in the plural) house, home
    braukt, iet uz mājām — to drive, to go home
    uzkopt māju — to tidy up the house
    mājas māte, mājasmāte — the lady (lit. mother) of the house
    otrās mājas — a second home
    sēdēt mājas — to sit home
    justies kā mājas — to feel at home

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “māja” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7