mākonis

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Latvian[edit]

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 Mākoņi on Latvian Wikipedia

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Mākoņi

Etymology[edit]

Either from the verb mākties (to become cloudy) (q.v.) or from an earlier, 17th-century adjective mākons (foggy, cloudy). In the 18th century, mākonis still meant “(thunder)storm,” “rain cloud,” with debess being used for “cloud.” The present meaning became established in the 19th century.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

mākonis m (2nd declension)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) cloud (visible mass of water vapor or droplets suspended in the air)
    lietus, negaisa mākonis — rain, storm cloud
    splavu, gubu mākoņi — cirrus, cumulus clouds
    mākoņi sabiezē — the clouds thickened
    debesis bez mākoņiemcloudless sky
    mākoņi aizsedz sauli — the clouds obscure the sun
    lidmašīna paceļas virs mākoņiem — the airplane takes off into the clouds
  2. (chiefly in the plural) cloud (a cloud-like phenomenon, spreading in the air)
    dūmu mākonis — smoke cloud
    sacelt putekļu mākonis — to raise a dust cloud

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Although the singular forms still exist, the plural forms (mākoņi, etc.) are much more frequently used.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “mākties” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.