māsa

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See also: masa, Masa, masă, mása, mäsä, maşa, and māsā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mā-, a baby language word for “mother,” “mommy” (whence also māte, q.v.). This word, probably at first a term of endearment, has replaced an earlier descendent of Proto-Indo-European *swésōr (still found in Lithuanian sesuõ, genitive form seser̃s). Cognates include Lithuanian móša (sister-in-law), Old Prussian moazo ([moaso], aunt).[1]

Noun[edit]

māsa f (4th declension)

  1. sister (a daughter of a couple, in relation to their other children)
    vecākā, jaunākā māsa — older, younger sister
    brāļi un māsas — brothers and sisters
    īstā māsa — true, real sister
    dvīņu māsa — twin sister
    abas rokas izpletis, viņš piepeši metās māsai ap kaklu — spreading both arms, he suddenly threw himself on his sister's neck (= hugged her)
  2. sister (a woman who is closely associated with someone)
    vārda māsas — namesakes (lit. name sisters, i.e., two women who have the same name)
    līgavas māsas — bridesmaids (lit. bride's sisters)
    es visiem pazemotiem esmu māsa / un visiem grūtsirdīgiem draudzene — I am the sister of all humiliated (people) / and the friend of all melancholic (people)
  3. nurse (medical assistant who helps a doctor treat patients)
    māsa, medicīnas māsanurse
    operāciju māsa — operation nurse
    diētas māsa — diet nurse
    vecākā māsa — chief (lit. older) nurse
    medicīnas māsu kursi — nurse training courses
    iegūt medicīnas māsu diplomu — to get a nurse diploma
  4. sister (nun, female member of a religious order)
    māsa Olga zināja daudz ko tādu, ko nezināja Vaikulissister Olga knew many things that Vaikulis didn't know

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “māsa” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7